Question: What Is 44th Amendment Act?

What are the 11 fundamental rights?

Fundamental Rights: Importance and SummaryRight to Equality (Art.

14-18) …

( Article 19): Right to Freedom.

( Articles 23-24): Right against Exploitation.

( Articles 25-28): Right to Freedom of Religion.

( Articles 29-30): Rights to minorities (cultural and educational rights) …

( Articles 32-35): Right to Constitutional Remedies..

Which right has been abolished by 44th Amendment?

In 1978, the Constitution (44th) Amendment Act was passed by the then ruling Janata Party, repealing the right to property accorded to every citizen in Article 19(1)(f) and Article 31.

What year was the 44 amendment passed?

1978Forty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution of IndiaThe Constitution (Forty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1978Passed7 December 1978Enacted byRajya SabhaPassed31 August 1978Assented to30 April 197914 more rows

Which article is related to the equality before law?

“The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India.” Article 15 secures the citizens from every sort of discrimination by the State, on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth or any of them.

What is the Article 18?

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Does Article 14 apply to foreigners?

The protection of Article 14 applies equally to both citizens and foreigners. … The Accord deems any person who cannot prove his ancestry beyond March 24, 1971 as an alien. It does not differentiate on the ground of religion in this aspect.

Why is the 42nd amendment called the mini constitution?

It laid down the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens to the nation. This amendment brought about the most widespread changes to the Constitution in its history, and is sometimes called a “mini-Constitution” or the “Constitution of Indira”.

Which fundamental right has been removed?

The 44th Amendment of 1978 removed the right to property from the list of fundamental rights. A new provision, Article 300-A, was added to the constitution, which provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law”.

Which article is amended for CAA?

The Act has amended the Citizenship Act, 1955 to give eligibility for Indian citizenship to illegal migrants who are Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, and who entered India on or before 31 December 2014.

Which article is only for Indians?

Under the Indian constitution, certain fundamental rights are available only to the citizens, namely: Right against discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth (Article 15); right to equality of opportunity in matter of public employment (Article 16); freedom of speech and expression, …

What are the 7 human rights in India?

They are Right to Equality, Right to Freedom, Right against Exploitation, Right to Freedom of Religion, Cultural and Educational Rights, and Right to Constitutional Remedies.