Question: What Is The Most Common Cause Of Addison Disease?

What is the most common cause of adrenal insufficiency?

Primary adrenal insufficiency is due to impairment of the adrenal glands.

80% are due to an autoimmune disease called Addison’s disease or autoimmune adrenalitis.

One subtype is called idiopathic, meaning of unknown cause.

Other cases are due to congenital adrenal hyperplasia or an adenoma (tumor) of the adrenal gland..

What is the life expectancy of a person with Addison’s disease?

The mean death ages for female and male patients were 75.7 and 64.8 years respectively, which is 3.2 and 11.2 years less than the estimated life expectancy at the time of diagnosis. Sixty patients outlived their expected age and eight patients lived exactly as long as expected at the time of diagnosis.

Who is at risk for Addison’s disease?

You may be at a higher risk for Addison’s disease if you: have cancer. take anticoagulants (blood thinners) have chronic infections like tuberculosis.

Is Addison’s disease serious?

If you have untreated Addison’s disease, you may develop an addisonian crisis as a result of physical stress, such as an injury, infection or illness. … An addisonian crisis is a life-threatening situation that results in low blood pressure, low blood levels of sugar and high blood levels of potassium.

How is Addisonian crisis treated?

Treatment for Addisonian crisis may include intravenous injection of glucocorticoid, salt water (saline), and sugar (dextrose). Your doctor will help you to identify signs, symptoms, and stressors that may trigger adrenal crisis. Always contact your doctor if you are worried that you might have an adrenal crisis.

What are the possible causes of Addison disease?

Addison’s disease is caused by damage to your adrenal glands, resulting in not enough of the hormone cortisol and, often, not enough aldosterone as well. Your adrenal glands are part of your endocrine system. They produce hormones that give instructions to virtually every organ and tissue in your body.

What is the life expectancy of a person with Addison’s disease?

The mean death ages for female and male patients were 75.7 and 64.8 years respectively, which is 3.2 and 11.2 years less than the estimated life expectancy at the time of diagnosis. Sixty patients outlived their expected age and eight patients lived exactly as long as expected at the time of diagnosis.

What does an adrenal crash feel like?

Symptoms of both forms include chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle weakness, weight loss, and stomach pain. You might also have nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, diarrhea, depression, or darkening of the skin.

What is the best treatment for Addison disease?

All treatment for Addison’s disease involves medication. You will be given hormone replacement therapy to correct the levels of steroid hormones your body isn’t producing. Some options for treatment include oral corticosteroids such as: Hydrocortisone (Cortef), prednisone or methylprednisolone to replace cortisol.

How does Addison’s disease affect the rest of the body?

Addison’s disease is a condition that affects your body’s adrenal glands. These glands are located on top of your kidneys. They make hormones that affect your mood, growth, metabolism, tissue function, and how your body responds to stress. … It causes your body to shut down production of the hormones.

Can Addison’s disease be cured?

Addison’s disease cannot be cured but can be significantly improved with hormone replacement therapy and the avoidance of common triggers. If treated properly, Addison’s disease can be brought under control and you can be better assured of living a long and healthy life.

What is the most common cause of Addison disease?

What causes Addison’s disease?Injury to the adrenal glands.Infection, including tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS-related infections, and fungal infections.Cancer cells from another part of the body that have invaded the adrenal glands.Bleeding into the adrenal glands.Surgical removal of the adrenal glands.More items…•

Can you live a long life with Addison’s disease?

Addison’s disease is a rare condition. Only one in 100,000 people has it. It can happen at any age to either men or women. People with Addison’s disease can lead normal lives as long as they take their medication.

Can Addison’s disease kill you?

But with Addison’s disease, the adrenal glands can’t make enough of the hormones. … If you don’t treat the disease, an adrenal crisis may occur that can lead to death because of a steep drop in blood pressure.